Colon cancer

Colon cancer

Malignant tumor developed from polyp

Vastagbelrak1Colon cancer is the second most common malignant disease in Hungary, its commonness is a waring to everyone that screening is advisable, or even a must.

The malignant tumor of the colon usually develops from a benign tumor, a polyp. If everyone went to screening over the age of 50 (over the age of 40 for those who has have had colon cancer in the family) and the physician does the colonoscopy, then he/she can find and remove these polyps, so these will not develop into colon cancer. As it takes 5-10 years for a polyp to develop into a malignant tumor, after a negative intestinoscopy it is advisable to retake it every 5-10 years. This regular screening which covers the vulnerable age group does not get either the financial or the instrumental or medical means within the limits of the state-funded healthcare in Hungary.

Facts

  • In Hungary, more than 8,000 people fall to and 5,500 people die of colon cancer every year.
  • Colon cancer is the second most common malignant disease in Hungary. The first one is lung cancer, which also has the highest fatality rate. As for women, this disease is followed by breast, cervical and uterine cancer, while by prostate cancer for men.
  • Colon cancer remains symptomless for quite some time and it most often develops from benign polyps.
  • If the physician removes the polyps during the colonoscopy, colon cancer can be prevented.
  • Colon cancer detected in time can be completely healed.

Prevention

Vastagbelrak2There are a lot of factors to play a role in the development of colon cancer. According to current medical knowledge, a fiber-rich diet, meaning less meat, a lot of fruits and vegetables, is something that can play a role in the prevention of colon cancer. Colon cancer is a disease of civilization, because people of welfare societies consume little fiber but like to eat food which is rich in fat, cholesterol, protein and calories, which are difficult to excrete from the body. Screening can prevent the development of more serious troubles, because colon cancer can be completely cured if detected in time. If somebody had had colon cancer among the blood relatives in the family, then screening should not be started at the age of 50 but at 40. There are certain predisposing factors, so-called polyposes, where there are lots of polyps in the bowel, and screening should start even earlier in this case. We try to draw attention to the importance of screening, and whoever pays even the smallest attention to him- or herself also comes for screening. In the current healthcare setting of Hungary, major awareness-raising campaigns are unfortunately not possible.

Symptoms

Colon cancer is an insidious disease because it causes symptoms only at a very late stage. Even if the symptoms are there, we could still catch the disease in the last moment. The most typical symptoms are: bloody stool, change in defecation habits, abdominal cramps, abdominal pain. The alternation of diarrhea and constipation is also quite frequent. One should know that the loss of weight on its own is no symptom of colon cancer.

Surgical intervention

Colon cancer removed in time by removing a piece of the colon can be perfectly cured. The rectum, the anus and the sphincter can stay in this case. If the tumor is too close to the rectum, then, unfortunately, the patient can be relieved of the tumor by leading the colon out to the stomach wall, and the patient would then stool into a tightly sealed bag. If colon cancer is not detected in time and has already caused metastasis, then the ultimate healing of the patient is much more difficult. (Metastases can be anywhere, but they appear in the liver and the lung most frequently.) The physicians try to help the patient applying radiotherapy and chemotherapy in such cases. Whether these treatments can be administered is determined by a committee and based on the status of the patient and the extent of the tumor.

The disease through the eyes of those who have already gone through it

I had cramping abdominal pain, so I visited Dr. László, who run a laboratory test which already showed some anomalies. This was followed by ultrasonography and endoscopic test, and the result was positive, unfortunately. I had not been to a screening test before. The news were of course a shock to me, but I had great medical help, so I quickly decided to try everything and to try to get healed. I was having this strong desire to heal, and I believe it meant a lot. My family approached both this matter and me in a similar way and they gave a lot of support to me. I do not know what they felt inside, because they did not show.

 

I underwent the surgery immediately, than went to chemotherapy for 6 months, with all its possible side-effects, but knowing that this is just temporary. Then I had to go to checkups frequently, but now, after 5 years, I need to go only every 6 months, and I am symptomless. The disease did of course change my life: you need to live knowing that you have already had this and it might come again at any time. It is not simple Living a normal and active life, within reasonable limits, is something I regarded as important both while I had the disease and ever since. Neither this or adhering to some sort of a mild diet is an easy thing, because if I feel well, I like to forget the whole thing.

 

My advice to every patient: positive approach, desire to heal, no panic, haste, trust a doctor or a team, diligently adhere to any medical advice and also live a normal life. If I had my today mind back then, I would have went to screening earlier.

A honlap további használatához a sütik használatát el kell fogadni. További információ

A süti beállítások ennél a honlapnál engedélyezett a legjobb felhasználói élmény érdekében. Amennyiben a beállítás változtatása nélkül kerül sor a honlap használatára, vagy az "Elfogadás" gombra történik kattintás, azzal a felhasználó elfogadja a sütik használatát.

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